Technical springs - Gutekunst form springsThe special property of technical springs is your reversible Change in shape when loaded . This is possible through the special shape and the used Spring material . Technical springs are used in almost all industries, such as mechanical engineering, Electrical engineering , Medical technology , Food industry , Aerospace, jewelry industry, etc. and perform numerous tasks. Technical springs, like Form springs , Flat springs , Flat springs , Contact springs , Compression springs , Tension springs and Coil springs , are often used as storage elements, measuring elements, vibration elements, rest elements and bearing elements.

Spring technology

The basic function of all technical springs is based on their ability potential energy to save and this controlled in kinetic energy to convert. For which force states technical springs are often used and which tasks they fulfill, here are a few examples:

  • Restoring force

    The spring force is used as a counterforce to return the moving mass to its previous position of rest. This restoring force is the most common application of technical springs and is provided to the same extent by shaped springs, flat springs, compression springs, tension springs and torsion springs.

  • Adhesive force

    Place in frictional connections Fuse – and Spring washers Pressure and adhesive forces ready to counteract an unintentional loosening of bolts and nuts, for example.

  • Balancing force

    When changing the shape, size or position of other components, technical springs are often used to compensate for thermal expansion, for example, or to maintain the electrical connection. Depending on the task, shaped springs, flat springs, contact springs, compression and torsion springs are equally suitable for this.

  • Weight force

    Used to distribute the load evenly between bodies. The best example of a spring core mattress that allows this weight force with special conical compression springs provides.

  • Driving force

    The preload of a technical spring stores energy, which is then released when it is released and drives moving devices. With Coil springs For example, mechanical watches are driven or flexible dog leashes are rolled up.

  • Vibration and damping force

    The technical spring deforms when kinetic energy is absorbed by forces or impacts. When the mass swings out, this kinetic energy is converted back into potential energy. For example, Leaf springs for safe loading from forces and impacts.

Spring development

Verformungs-Spannungs-Diagramm | Gutekunst Formfedern
Deformation-stress diagram

When developing a technical spring it is the goal for the given application one matching spring to find the one that fits perfectly, taking into account all the circumstances. The function, shape and dimensions must be selected so that the technical spring provides the required Spring work Fulfills. Various factors play an important role in spring development – such as which one Stress and deformation ( Hooke’s law ) the technical spring must fulfill, which spring movement is desired, how large the available installation space is and which connecting components are present. In addition, there are properties and special features from the overall construction and the operating conditions. So are often among other things Corrosion resistance , electric conductivity or to consider a production that is as economical as possible. In general, the following requirements for spring development apply to technical springs:

  • Task and function

    What is the technical spring used for (medical technology, food, electrical engineering …) and which functions – such as the state of force, force development ( Spring characteristic ) and any additional functions (electrically conductive, non-magnetic, insulating, acid-resistant, etc.) – are required?

  • Installation situation and installation space

    How is the force introduced (compression, tensile, torsional or bending stress) and what installation space is available for this?

  • Feather type and shape

    Which Spring type is suitable for the task and with which spring shape can this be implemented in the existing installation space?

  • Required forces and spring travel

    Which spring forces are required for certain spring travel or lengths?

  • Operating temperature and environment

    In which Operating temperature and in which environment (Air, salt water, engine oil etc.) is the technical spring used?

  • Type of load and service life

    Which Load type There is a static constant load or dynamic load with variable loads and stroke stresses. For what total service life should the technical spring be made?

Development and manufacture of technical springs

If you are all around technical springs have further questions, or you need a professional design with a non-binding price offer for your spring application. Then simply send a drawing or CAD data of the required technical spring using the following request form or contact the Gutekunst technicians directly by phone at (+49) 07445 85160 or by email to: .




Gutekunst form springs and Gutekunst feathers develop and manufacture technical springs such as Form springs , Flat springs , Contact springs and Coil springs as Compression springs , Tension springs and Leg springs as samples, prototypes, in small quantities and large series.


For more information, see:


Properties of technical springs